What are HDL and LDL?
HDL and LDL are two
different kinds of cholesterol that are measured as an index of a
patient's risk for cardiovascular disease. HDL stands for high-density
lipoprotein and LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein. Total
cholesterol measures the combination of HDL and LDL, along with several
other factors. The levels of "fats" in the blood-total cholesterol, HDL
(a subset called "good cholesterol") and LDL ("bad cholesterol") and
triglycerides have been used for years to predict the risk of heart
disease in men. Higher cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides, and/or low HDL
all are associated with increased risk of heart diseases in men.
What do the numbers mean?
Many studies found that
women with higher total cholesterol levels also had higher rates of a
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